Monday, February 16, 2009

May 4th 1799: The Tiger Burns Bright

Hello Folks,
How is everything going on!
Today i would like to share with you a brief sketch on one of India's most energetic and pioneering rulers, Tipu Sultan of 18th century Mysore, India.

India's history is glorious. It has indeed produced some pioneers in Arts, Science, Spirituality and even Miltary warfare and Political Sagacity.

India before the coming of foreign powers as the Dutch, Portuguese, French and finally the victors Great Britain was a Monarchial territory.

The matter of fact being that three kings or Monarchs shine bright in ruling the country unitedly: Asoka, Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar and to some extent the country's first imperial king - Chandragupta Maurya.

The Divine order of succesion adapted to Indian socio-economic-cultural standards was followed.

A king in the ancient, medieval and modern era of India(18th century) was regarded as a guardian of the masses. Though allegations fly of any king ruling by the might of the sword yet he was after all a protector of his subjects.

This was the ideal force behind the institution of Monarchy.

18th century India saw a turbulent phase in the political affairs of the country. There were only three significant "native-powers" with a constant struggle between the French and the English for Politico-Economic supremacy over the land.

The English were engaged in influencing one royal court or the other and even installing what are known as 5th collummists in history.The bottomline is that the French and the English were playing a proxy war with one power supporting rival princes and even aggravating animosities amongst them on "insignificant issues."

The English had an extra edge over them in the sense that they were a envied sea-power. The French had also supported India's first monarchical resistance to the English in the form of the Nawab of Bengal, Shiraj-Ud-Dowla. It is said that he lost it all due to Robert Clive's imperialistic conspiracy of installing 5th collummists in his court a part of a bigger conspiracy against the ruler and also bribing his Diwan, Mir Zafar.

Speaking of the three Indian powers of that period, The Marathas, Nizam of Hyderabad and the forceful of them all in the armed resistance of Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan of Mysore( present Karnataka) never ever gave the indication that India would come under the shackles of the colonists.

But history, they say is full of ifs and buts !

The Mysore of that period was very insignificant regarding its size and dominions. It is said that the kingdom's prime fortress complete with the city walls and gate which was to be used by later powers was built by a general, Kempe Gowda in the 15th century.

The state of Mysore was a part of the golden state of Vijaynagar which was said to be one of the richest kingdoms of Indian history. Krishnadeva Raya was a significant ruler of the state.

The passage of time saw the decay of the Kingdom and the final blow was when the Vodeyar dynasty's forces defeated the Vijaynagar royal forces and overpowered them in the process.

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