Pics: Sonu Trivedi, Lecturer Political Science Department, delivering her lecture to the students of National Institute of Social Communications Research and Training
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Today i would like to disseminate in front of you all the lecture given by Mrs. Sonu Trivedi, a lecturer in the Political science Department of Delhi University.
For the first timers, i would like to introduce the person in question here:
She is the Assistant Proffesor, Zakir Hussain College, University of Delhi, she was also the research associate of the centre for Policy Research. She was also editor of the journal Atlantic Journal. She also completed her PHD, besides completing her PGD in Human Resourse. She is also masters in ocology and environment.
She is also associated with numerous seminars and symposiums.
Speaking on the subject " Dynamics of Political Parties, emerging scenario in India" she stated that it is a contemporary issue which found its place in the recent 2009 elections.
She said that political Parties are relevant in a Democracy adding that thinkers like Lord Bryce and Laski had propagated its existence.
She said the synnonym of Indirect Democracy cannot be managed without Political Parties.
The timeline of history shows that the Afro-Asian countries after independence went for a Democratic administration in their respective nations.
Democracy, she informed involves three crucial stages, which are: 1) Establishment of Democracy.
2) Consolidation of Democracy
3) Deepening of Democracy
She gave an insight regaring 2009 elections by stating that this election saw the resurgence of Congress. She said that it can be accepted that it is still a single largest party though it is not in the prime which it used to have in its heydays.
Going deep in the subject she informed that Politically modernised countries have the involvement of political Parties. In the 1950's 80% of the world was dominated by Political parties.
From 1960's to 70's there were military coup like situation.
She informed students that Samuel P Huntington had proposed three waves of Democratisation which involve 3rd wave of Democratisation the Second World War brought along with it the second wave of Democracy and which involved 60-70% countries being democratised, thenonwards major democratic reversals in the form of Military coups took place.
The 80's and the 90's saw Representative Democracy which pertained to elite formation and recruitment of elites. She said that elites are matter of fact the minorities of any society and they tend to control Political power, Social power, Ideological power, interest application aggravated articulation of interest by political Parties.
she also said that political socialisation was at its best in the present century. Historically, India started with one party but became one party dominance .
Stating Rajni Kothari's work " Politics in India" she said that from 1947 onwards the congress system prevails by: 1) it being the core party
2) the existence of peripheries which involved peripherals and other social groups.
She said that Congress called Political parties of consensus, opposition party and parties of pressure accomodative ethos, wherein grew a culture of consensus. This way, the central congress leadership was able to accomodate demands.
The milestone in India's Political history dating back to 1967 elctions saw the emergence of non-congress parties in the states while the year 1969 saw a major split in the congress party with it winning 74% of the seats she informed the students.
It is interesting to note that before 1969 the party had won 56% seats. While 1971 saw the launch of the Garibi Hatao Programme and Indira Gandhi won the elections with overwhelming majority that year.
This turn of tables marked the resurrgence of Congress party not the Congress system. Defaction in Politics also started taking shape in this timeline. It was seen that till 1967 organisation of Congress was on bottom to top lines ( speaking of leadership). In 1971 it changed with top pottom leadership pattern taking place.